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Alfred Vierling » in english, 用普通话 » 中国企业在国际化道路上日渐成熟 Chinese enterprises mature in going international

中国企业在国际化道路上日渐成熟 Chinese enterprises mature in going international

Original title: Globalization and act locally – Chinese enterprises mature in going international

(中国英语翻译后的文本 Chinese text after English translation) International Online reports (Reporter Zhang Xue): From the beginning of 1979 Beijing Friendship Business services company established in Japan, China, the first foreign joint venture, the Chinese enterprises officially opened the prelude to the multinational operations. 30 years later, the road of internationalization of Chinese enterprises trying to find the rapid development after 2002, and now, the earnings of overseas markets has become an important economic growth of many Chinese enterprises to go abroad point, the overseas development matures. During the 48 large meeting of the CPC many entrepreneurs representative participants share their business experience in international operations.

In 2009, the State Grid Corporation of China acquired the franchise grid in the Philippines for 25 years. This is a large state-owned enterprises, for the first time outside of China. Since then, the national power grid have been in Brazil, Portugal and other countries overseas investment. In 2012, the State Grid Corporation of China grow as among the “Fortune” seven of the world top 500 enterprises, the world’s largest utility companies, greatly enhancing China’s influence in the international energy sector.

48 National Congress of the CPC, Liu Zhenya, general manager of the State Grid Corporation, said the company’s overseas investment projects are operating in good condition, the rate of return on investment is more substantial.

“The international strategy is an important development strategy of the national grid. Far, has more than $ 5 billion in foreign investment, the total assets of more than $ 8,000,000,000. Investment is mainly concentrated in the grid, electrical, electrical and other gains and efficiency Well, the net rate of return on assets is three to five times the return on domestic investment. ”

Liu Zhenya said National Grid also dogged the difficulties in the process of internationalization and questioned, but eventually won the trust and respect with their own strength.

“State Grid Corporation relying on strength and technical level is to win the trust and respect of our” going out “, by technology, human resources and management in the world’s energy sector, particularly in the power sector, the State Grid Corporation of China made innovations make attention and respect of peers. although we enter the international market, the time is not very long, but they continue to make a major breakthrough. ”

In the process of internationalization of China’s private enterprises are active. The 1990s to the early 20th century, a large number of Chinese private enterprises gradually participate in foreign direct investment.

Chinese construction machinery manufacturer Sany Heavy Industry is in the beginning of this stage of the internationalization strategy.

2001, Trinity and Fortune 500 companies Deere company signed a cooperative distribution agreement, officially opened the prelude to an international. At present, already has more than 30 overseas subsidiaries, covering 150 countries.

The globalization of international management concepts, Sany Heavy Industry Co. Chairman Liang Wengen said, “much the same” manage their own business philosophy of such an international team.

“How do I manage the international team? Four words, much the same I R & D personnel in foreign countries, the core values ​​and business objectives and philosophy must be the same, this is the ‘Tatung’ minor differences. ? is to allow cultural differences exist, such as our working hours, time in Germany and the United States are not the same and our working hours, we sleep, he engaged in R & D; him sleeping, we are engaged in R & D, so our management style is ‘much the same’. ”

Accompanied globalization is localization. Integrate into the local culture, the emphasis on community building more and more Chinese companies are also included in the localized operations.

The President of Hongdou Group Jiangsu clothing production enterprises, Zhou Jiang said, one should be in compliance with local laws, respect the local culture, practicing corporate social responsibility, that is the Road of the Hongdou overseas project operations. Red beans in a Large-scale investment in red beans projects in Cambodia are to take this strategy.

“We must abide by the law, which is very important. Secondly, I think that the Chinese enterprises to go out, but also to fulfill our social responsibility. Solve some employment in the local, and learned the local surrounding villagers want to learn Chinese we free to do the night school, and college students to teach night school in the past by our Chinese Mainland Chinese. Meanwhile, we also make donations to schools, has funded five primary, compare and welcomed by local people. ”

In addition, Zhou Jiang also said he would buy including war risk insurance for enterprises, although the cost will be high, but he thinks it can guarantee the safety of overseas investment is worth it.

When asked three companies of the future international planning, to further improve the international level, to improve overseas income ratio is the answer everyone wants. Liu Zhenya, 2020, the State Grid will be able to fight in foreign assets accounted for about 10% of the total existing assets, large dating abroad to invest $ 30 billion -500 billion. Liang Wengen Sany hope that after five years, the proportion of overseas sales increased by 15% to 40% -50%. Zhou Jiang said, future operating Cambodia project will seek further cooperation with international brands clothing company.

30 years of agitation process, the internationalization of Chinese enterprises in the market environment of the Chinese enterprises to go from closed to open, dominated by large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises into private enterprises to participate in a variety of types of subjects in the international road enterprises to continuously optimize the technology strength, operating philosophy of internationalization and localization practice social responsibility, management maturity. This 48 the report of the CPC put forward the idea of ​​”comprehensively improve the level of the open economy, enhance corporate international operations, cultivating a group of world-class multinationals, will lead to more Chinese enterprises to shine on the international stage .

中国企业在国际化道路上日渐成熟

2012-11-13 19:05:09  来源:国际在线专稿  编辑:杨玉国   发表评论  进入论坛>>
  原题:全球化视野本地化行动——中国企业在国际化道路上日渐成熟

  国际在线报道(记者张雪):从1979年北京友谊商业服务公司在日本成立中国的第一家境外合资企业开始,中国企业正式拉开了跨国经营的序幕。三十多年过去了,中国企业的国际化之路从70、80年代的尝试摸索,到2002年之后的高速发展,现在,海外市场的收益已经成为了很多走出国门的中国企业的重要经济增长点,海外发展日趋成熟。在中共十八大会议期间,很多参会的企业家代表分享了他们企业国际化经营的经验。

  2009年中国国家电网公司收购了菲律宾输电网25年的特许经营权。这是这家国有大型企业第一次走出中国。此后,国家电网相继在巴西、葡萄牙等国进行海外投资。2012年,中国国家电网公司成长为名列《财富》世界企业500强第7位的全球最大公用事业企业,极大地提高了中国在国际能源界的影响力。

  中共十八大代表、国家电网公司总经理刘振亚表示,公司的海外投资项目经营状况良好,投资回报率比较可观。

  “国际化战略是国家电网的重要发展战略。截至目前,我们在国外的投资已经超过了50亿美元,总资产达到80亿美元以上。投资主要集中在电网、电工电气等方面,收益和效益是好的,净资产的回报率是国内投资回报的三到五倍。”

  刘振亚介绍说,国家电网在国际化的过程中也曾遭遇过困难和质疑,但是最终凭借自身的实力赢得了信任和尊重。

  “国家电网公司靠实力和技术水平赢得了信任和尊重,我们“走出去”,主要是靠技术、人才和管理。在世界能源界,特别是电力界,中国国家电网公司取得的创新成果是令同行们关注和尊重的。尽管我们进入国际市场的时间不是很长,但却不断取得重大突破。”

  在国际化进程中,中国的民营企业也表现活跃。上世纪90年代开始至20世纪初,中国大量的民营企业逐渐参与到对外直接投资中。

  中国工程机械制造企业三一重工就是在这一个阶段开始了自己的国际化战略。

  2001年,三一与世界500强企业美国迪尔公司签订了合作经销协议,正式拉开了三一国际化的序幕。目前,三一已经拥有30多家海外子公司,业务覆盖150个国家。

  全球化的公司需要国际化的管理理念,三一重工股份有限公司董事长梁稳根说,“大同小异”是自己管理这样一个国际化团队的经营理念。

  “我怎么管理这个国际化的团队呢?四个字,大同小异。我在国外的研发人员,在核心价值观念和经营目标和理念上,一定是要相同的,这就是‘大同’。小异呢?就是允许文化的差异存在,比如我们的上班时间就不同,德国和美国的时间和我们中国的上班时间就不一样,我们睡觉了,他在搞研发;他在睡觉,我们在搞研发。所以我们的管理方式是‘大同小异’。”

  伴随全球化而来的是本土化。融入当地文化、重视社区建设也被越来越多的中国公司纳入了本地化的行动中。

  江苏服装生产企业红豆集团总裁周海江说,遵守当地法律、尊重当地文化,践行企业社会责任,是红豆的海外项目运营之道。红豆在柬埔寨的大规模投资项目中就采取了这一策略。

  “一定要遵守当地的法律,这是非常重要的。第二,我认为中国企业走出去,还要尽好社会责任。我们在当地解决了一些就业,而且了解到当地周边的村民希望学中文,我们就免费办了夜校,由我们中国内地派过去的大学生晚上教中文。同时我们还捐资助学,先后资助了5所小学,比较受当地人民的欢迎。”

  此外,周海江还表示,他会为企业买包括战争险在内的一系列保险,虽然成本会高一些,但是他认为这可以保证海外投资的安全,是值得的。

  当问及三家企业对未来国际化的规划时,进一步提高国际化水平,提高海外收入的比例是大家不约而同的答案。刘振亚表示,到2020年,国家电网将争取在国外的资产能够占到现有资产总量的10%左右,大约会在国外投入300亿-500亿美元。梁稳根说,三一重工希望五年以后,海外的销售额占比由现在的15%提高到40%-50%。周海江则表示,未来在经营好柬埔项目同时,会进一步寻求与国际一线品牌服装公司的合作。

  中国企业走出去的30多年激荡历程,使中国企业国际化的市场环境由封闭变为开放,由国有大中型企业为主导变为有民营企业参与的多种类型主体,在国际化的道路中,企业不断优化技术实力、国际化运营理念和本土化践行社会责任的方式,经营管理日臻成熟。这次中共十八大报告中提出“全面提高开放型经济水平,增强企业国际化经营能力,培育一批世界水平的跨国公司”的理念,必将引领更多的中国企业在国际舞台

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